Types of taxes in the french revolution




ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about the causes of French revolution. It was clear many reforms were expected from the States-General; political and social. Taxes and the Three Estates7/30/2013 · Complaints of an unfair tax system. Cafés in Bucharest; Taxes, fees not included for deals content. 0 Objectives 1. The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era Maurice A Murphy Sr History 114 May 3, 2011 Rebecca Loofbourrow The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Era When you look at the French Revolution, there are several thing that need to be consider; Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood, Hubris, Fiscal irresponsibility, Democracy, and Technology. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ratified Britain’s undisputed control of the seas and shipping trade, as well as its sovereignty over much of the North American continent east of the Mississippi River (including French Canada). Abraham Lincoln once commented about the massesAnalysis of the French Revolution The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. 3 The philosophes wanted to reform French society. 3. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION Clergy and Nobility were privileged class. French RevolutionAnne-Robert-Jacques Turgot wrote, “Because it takes a long time before we are convinced of their inutility, foundations have sometimes become positively harmful before they have even been suspected of being useless. Share 0The population of France mainly lived in the rural countryside, of the nearly 30 million French under Louis XVI; about 80 percent lived in villages of 2,000 or less, with nearly all the rest in fairly small cities. State taxes pay for roads and the governor. 3rd Estate leaves and forms the National Assembly . The French Monarchs had unlimited power and they declared themselves as […]Start studying Global: French Revolution. The French Revolution. WORLD HISTORY FOR THE RELAXED HISTORIAN : PEOPLE IN HISTORY WARS, BATTLES AND REVOLUTIONS And speaking of taxes and tolls, smuggling was rampant to such an extent that in 1783 a wall was The French Revolution of 1789-1799, had a great impact not only to the people in France, but to rest of Europe, and the entire world. The first two estates were exempted from taxes and enjoyed many privileges by birth but on the other hand commoners lived a very hard life. 2 Popular violence and the Revolution. French Revolution ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. Most of these commoners were peasants, whose status was in some respects more favorable in France than anywhere else in Europe. Speaking out against the government or any institution is a very modern idea. 1. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes! The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. The Revolution led to many changes in France,which at the time of the Revolution, was . However, he became angry with his partner and left Corsica, with his family, and declared himself a Frenchman. The wars began as an effort to defend the Revolution and developed into wars of conquest under the empire. Historians consider the unjust taxation system, continued under Louis XVI, to be one of the causes of the French Revolution. [4] One of the symbols of the French Revolution was the tricolor cockade, which was a red, white, and blue circular emblem. Before the Revolution Even Absolute Monarchies Have Budget Constraints The immediate cause of the French Revolution …11/14/2016 · The French Revolution (1789-99), a revolutionary movement was a period of social and political upheaval, which resulted in radical changes in France. Cries of inequality and a widening income gap. After the French revolution had ended people came together to love France and they had National Pride for their country. After French revolution many changes were made in …The French Revolution marks a stain in history, notorious for one of the bloodiest periods in modern civilization. started in 1789 and continued till 1799. In order to pass the proposal to raise taxes Louis XVI called an assembly of the Estates General. Students will also learn about facts surrounding the French Revolution period. c. 4 …1/6/2019 · The French Revolution has been closely associated with the Age of Enlightenment. 3/6/2012 · Causes and Consequences of the French Revolution Tuesday, 6 March 2012. The economic conditions which led to the revolution were as follows: (1) Long years of war and cost of maintaining an extravagant court had drained the financial resources of France. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed within three years. The main cause of the french revolution. In the period between about 1500-1800, the era commonly known as the early modern period, a variety of grains including wheat, rye, and buckwheat were used to make bread. The first estate usually didn't work, paid no taxes, and lived luxurious lives. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen Approved. The goal of the Enlightenment was to free the individual from oppression by the church and state. The direct taxes were paid by the little rich members of the society which includes merchants and also the peasants who were earning. Although the American and French revolutions both took place in the late 18th century, both fought for independence, and both portrayed patriotism, the revolutions are markedly different in their origins; one which led to the world’s longest lasting democracy and the other to a Napoleonic Dictatorship. As the French …During the French Revolution Life Styles of the Poor The occupations of peasants were mostly farmers. Rumors of impending doom. A revolution can be described as a time when the masses, consisting of ordinary men and women, grow weary of the current political system and begin to take their lives and destinies into their own hands. While some peasants could at least hope that they would grow enough grain1. Picture Madame Defarge knitting calmly by the side of the guillotine. It was based on the same principles that had formed the basis of revolutions in Britain and United States of America. After the French revolution, taxes consisted of taxes on wealth and on incomes. King Louis XVI was executed after the revolution so was his wife Marie French Revolution Worksheets. The major causes of the French Revolution were the disputes and inequalities between the different types of social classes in French society, and the financial problems, facing the French government, during the year of 1779. Working like bonded laboures on land of upper class. France was second only to Great Britain in trade. Types of TaxesEach of the estates presented their problems to the crown. Sur ces entrefaites la guerre éclate, un conflit dont la périodicité (1756-1763) diffère de …The French and Indian War, or Seven Years War, represented the decisive turning point in British-colonial relations. (6) 1. phpFederal taxes help pay for national things like the president, the Congress, federal judges, and the military. All taxes created under the French Revolution were abolished, the last being the patentes, abolished in 1974. …We interpret inflation during the Revolution in terms of a procession of regimes in which the "if" parts of the three types of monetary models are approximately fulfilled. ppt), PDF File (. About 90% are peasants. Flights Popular Types of Food. The causes of the French Revolution were many: the monarchy's severe debt problems, high taxes, poor harvests, and the influence of new political ideas and the American Revolution, to mention only a few. They paid feudal taxes extracted after the members of the third estate. There are so many different basis of assessment, and such a large number of taxes that it defies easy description. The first one being the taille. 1 Introduction The French revolution of 1789 is great changeable event in the history of world. The revolution ended in 1799. 5/24/2019 · The outcome of the French Revolution, which began in 1789 and lasted for more than a decade, had numerous social, economic, and political effects …Get an answer for 'What advantages did the clergy and nobility have before the French Revolution?' and find homework help for other The French Revolution questions at eNotes. This bundle contains ready-to-use French Revolution worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about the French Revolution, which was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799. Unfair Tax System and Spending There were five main taxes that were imposed upon the peasants. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and …Revolutions were a phenomenon of social breadth that included masses of people who didn't read avante-guard books, and in France as elsewhere the drift toward revolution included to a great extent economic forces. . Next tax is called the corvee. Under Louis XV, financial strain imposed by wars, particularly by the disastrous for France Seven Years’ War and by the excesses of the royal court, contributed to fiscal problems and the national unrest that in the end culminated in the French Revolution of 1789. Early modern French society was legally arranged by birth. ”1 One could apply this reasoning to the French monarchy in the late 18 th The French Revolution was a time of political and social rebellion in France that began in 1789 because of the inequalities that existed between the rich and poor. Summary of the French Revolution 1789-1799. During the eighteenth century the French Society was divided into three groups. Tithes paid to the church 3. Peasants were victimized by taxes. King Louis XVI was executed in 1793. Write a short note on Jacobin club?Q5. The French Revolution has received enormous amounts of historical attention, both from the general public and from scholars and academics. They have to pay all the types of taxes. Avant la guerre de Sept Ans, des germes de tensions sont apparus. The French Revolution traces the long and short term causes of the French Revolution to the October Days and its consequences up to the dissolution of the Convention and beyond. This revolution goes by the other name, that is “Revolution of 1789” because, after this, two other revolutions took place – one in 1830 and then another The French Revolution had almost everything we associate with revolutions – ravenous royals, ambitious aristocrats, high taxes, failing harvests, food shortages, hungry peasants, angry townspeople, sex, lies, corruption, mob violence, radicals and weirdos, The social causes also led to the outbreak of the revolution. 1 The French Revolution started in the summer of 1789. Write TRUE or FALSE to these statements about France before the Revolution. Began in 1789, the French Revolution transform the social and institutional structures of France. - French Revolution, a major movement in the history of France is a subject of controversy for the historians because of the fact it took a different path than which it had started on. A summary of France’s Financial Crisis: 1783–1788 in History SparkNotes's The French Revolution (1789–1799). Prior to the French Revolution, what social groups were exempt from paying taxes? peasants clergy middle classIn Necker’s head too there is a whole pacific French Revolution, of its kind; and in that taciturn dull depth, or deep dulness, ambition enough. Social Cause 3. French Revolution 15 French Revolution is the revolution in France against the Bourbons third. The French society was mainly divided into two …Unit-1 French Revolution of 1789 Index 1. The Social structure of France and social disparity prevailing on French society is also explained in a simple language. Political Cause 2. Q1 what types of taxes were imposed during the regin of Louis 16 ? Q2 what are subsistence crises ? Q3 what was the estates general? Q4. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire. The people groaned under the burden of taxes levied by the State, rents and contributions paid to the lord, tithes collected by the clergy, as well as under the forced labour exacted by all three. The current tax system was shaped during the 20th century. A timeline of French Revolution events. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. The French Revolution was a revolution in France from 1789 to 1799. All the historians who have written about the great French Revolution have devoted eloquent pages to this subject. French Revolution: An useful Essay on French Revolution. Read morePriests of the French Revolution. First Estate: Clergy belonged to 1st estate of then French Society. The French system of taxation can be characterised by its complexity, high marginal rates and high administrative costs. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic This discussion on what are the causses of French revolution Related: Introduction to The French Revolution, CBSE Class 9 SST (History) is done on EduRev Study Group by Class 9 Students. French revolution which began in 1789 was to establish a constitutional monarchy and end the inequality that was present in the contemporary France. They were required to pay taxes to the government, the French Revolution, revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789—hence the conventional term ‘Revolution of 1789,’ denoting the end of the ancien regime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French …7/22/2019 · The four causes of French revolution: 1. ADVERTISEMENTS: French Revolution: Influence, Causes and Course of the Revolution! The Influence of the French Revolution: The French Revolution of 1789 is an important landmark in the history of Europe. ” Nay, he too has to produce his scheme of taxing: Clergy, Noblesse to be taxed List of British Acts on Colonial America. 3 Types of citizen action - taken by French Citizens during the revolution to change their The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between thedifferent types of social classes in French society. So, we can conclude that about 95% people were paying direct taxes to the sate. Joseph F. Déjà les colons regardent d’un mauvais œil les tentatives de la Métropole. A series of British acts and taxes created a lot of frustration among the American colonists. The types of taxes which were imposed on the third Estate are discussed. Article shared by: When Louis XVI pressed for new taxes to be levied on the nobility as well as the rest of the community after the expensive Seven Years War, the Parlements success­fully blocked the proposal, insisting upon their right “to exemption from major national taxes. Before 1789, France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church. They were exempted from paying any types of taxes. Introduction. During this period between 1789 and 1799, the people of France deposed and executed the king, set up a republic and dealt with substantial internal and external threats. Radical changes: meaning a change from the accepted or traditional reforms which includes either social, political or economic reforms. Whether this infamous violence existed at the birth of the Revolution or only during the "Terror" has been the topic ofTop 10 Revolutions Felt Around the World. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The French Revolution (1789–1799) and what it means. The major cause of the French Revolution was the disputes between the different types of social classes in French society. This is inevitable. The events that happened in France in the period of the 1789 and 1799 are among the most famous social upheavals in general history of the world. In the 15th century the gabelle began to mean specifically the salt tax, that is, a tax on consumption of salt. It generated ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity which crossed […]French Revolution essay is a common assignment that professors are giving their students to understand their knowledge of the world history. One of the changes was the decline of the power of the nobles, which had a severe impact on the loyalty of …The year 1789 witnessed two far-reaching events: the beginning of a new United States of America and the beginning of the French Revolution. These people did not pay taxes either; only in wartimeAu lendemain de la French and Indian War. In the bourgeoisie, there were the merchants and manufacturers, lawyers, doctors and others similar to those types of professions. In 1789, the French Revolution began a transformation of far more than just France, but Europe and then the world. But before embarking upon that aspect it is necessary to throw light on several causes of the French Revolution (hereafter […]12/13/2017 · Popular films and literature typically depict the French Revolution of 1789 as oppressed workers' violent overthrow of a decadent and corrupt monarchy. The ideas of the Enlightenment were …3/22/2017 · The French Revolution or the “Revolution of 1789” started in the year 1789. These were the themes which put a twist in the French Revolution of 1789. A chronology of the French Revolution This discussion on What was the main cause of french revolution? is done on EduRev Study Group by Class 9 Students. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that the French Revolution, which was fueled by Enlightenment ideals, tried to remove the Catholic Church from France and replace it with a …Economic Crisis druing the French Revolution . It is during this revolution that Napoleon Bonaparte rose to fame and power. It began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s when Napoleon Bonaparte ascended into power. 11/16/2016 · Napoleon went back to Corsica to start a revolutionary movement (got the idea from the French Revolution around him). Between 1715 and 1771, French commerce had increased almost eight-fold. It was the pre-revolutionary makeup of France that held the seeds of the circumstances for revolution, and affected how it was begun, developed, and—depending on what you believe—ended. Explain the regin of terror? Share with your friends. No, we are not talking about 2013. The French Revolution And French Revolutions 2006 Words | 9 Pages. Here's a short essay I wrote on the subject a while back. previous taxes were seen as trade taxes and . On 5 May 1789, 300 representatives from each of the first and second estate and 600 from the third estate, a total 1200 representatives, gathered in a splendid hall for the assembly. The inequalities prevailing in the society created much discontentment among the masses and forced them to oppose the prevalent social structure. 12/6/2019 · Taxes are generally an involuntary fee levied on individuals or corporations that is enforced by a government entity, whether local, regional or national in order to finance government activities 12/1/2019 · French Revolution, Bucharest: See 332 unbiased reviews of French Revolution, rated 5 of 5 on TripAdvisor and ranked #11 of 2,203 restaurants in Bucharest. Commoners. The views of historians, in particular, have been characterised as falling along ideological lines, with disagreement over the significance and the major developments of the Revolution. They had certain special privileges; in addition to feudal privilege. It was the first great uprising of the people against the autocracy of the ruler. . Unfortunately, the cost of making this material freely available is increasing, so if you have found the site useful and would like to contribute towards its continuation, I would greatly appreciate it. The three types of groups were - First estate, Second estate and Third estate. ) were ones of vast, unexpected change and confusion. French Revolution: Useful notes on French Revolution! The French Revolution was in the nature of a social and economic change. Political Cause: During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. pdf), Text File (. The French Revolution happened especially because of the third estates lands, but did not have to pay for taxes. The reasoning and scepticism that pervaded during this particular period in history compelled a sizeable number of French to revolt against the prevailing standards and norms in the French society. Like Industrial Revolution and American Revolution, the French Revolution was also the originator of few but important political ideas or concepts. b. paid no taxes The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions. Causes, beginning, end, facts, effects, timeline, the French Revolutionary Wars, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon. By mid eighteenth century, the population increased by 50% in France. (3) Moreover, the French society was divided into three estates and only the members of the third estate paid taxes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. EXPLORE. Meanwhile, alas, his Fotunatus’ Purse turns out to be little other than the old “vectigal of Parsimony. This is not a question with a simple answer as reflected by the answers preceding mine. Saints and Renegades in a New Political Era. The French Revolution established both a new political order and a new social order. The years before the French Revolution (which started in 1789 AD. They were forced to pay hefty taxes, tithes to the church, and rents to theiCalled by Louis XVI to get 1 & 2 Estates to pay taxes/raise $ 1st time met in 175 yrs (1614) each estate gets one vote (third estates calls for individual vote) 1 & 2 band together to block 3rd Estate. 10/23/2017 · Indirect taxes was paid by everyone as it is imposed on the products of daily needs and many items. Suggested causes include economic pressures, an antiquated social structure, weakness of the (theoretically absolute) royal government and the influence of the Enlightenment . The French redesigned their political landscape, abolishing an absolute monarch and their feudal system. Nobels. Compared with the American Revolution, the French Revolution was more complex and more radical. Liberty was one of the […]Guillotine Proposed in 1789 by French physician Joseph Ignace Guillotin, the guillotine was widely used during the French Revolution (1789-1799), first to decapitate members of the nobility and Roman Catholic clergy, and later to behead the revolutionaries themselves. Nobels c. Motivated by enlightenment ideals, revolutionaries overthrow the royal rule system that allow the royalty and aristocracy to have an unfair privileges and taxes over society’s lower classes. The deputies were concerned to protect property and maintain order (as the 1790 decree on the abolition of nobility suggests) in the face of a growing breakdown of public order; and their attitude to the masses – to what the demagogic journalist Jean-Paul Marat (1744–93) called le petit peuple (the little people), the millions of propertyless French Revolution The Outbreak of the Revolution. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of 1789 brought together two streams of thought: one springing from the Anglo-American traditionFrench Revolution (1789–99) Series of events that removed the French monarchy, transformed government and society, and established the First Republic. The French Revolution was a major event in modern European history. The Age of George III: I am happy that you are using this web site and hope that you found it useful. 7/30/2013 · As the French bourgeoisie revolution raged in the summer of 1789, the peasants who had long been under the stern hand of an unkind system were emboldened by the maneuverings in Paris and created a widespread uprising that pushed the French Revolution into a new phase. Tithes: A type of tax collected by churches which was collected from peasants in theGabelle, form of tax in France before the Revolution of 1789—in particular, from the 15th century onward, the tax on salt. purpose of the Molasses Act was to protect British West Indies exports to the American colonies from the more fertile French and Spanish islands of Martinique and Santo Domingo. II. So what started the French Revolution?5/13/2008 · Protests in France The French Revolution and Modern Times By: Kate Conroy Introduction: When we think of protesting, we think of picket signs, violent cops, and people yelling and chanting. During the eighteen the Century France was the centre of autocratic monarchy. 2 Before 1789 all the French people had to pay taxes. The reign of terror was run by Robespierre French Revolutionary Wars, wars occurring in the era of the French Revolution [1] and the beginning of the Napoleonic era, the decade of 1792–1802. This is a property tax that would be paid to the King simply for living in the country. 7raul7. 1, Bucharest 010291,, RomaniaUS Government for Kids: Taxes - Duckstershttps://www. Whereas taxation aimed at The French Revolution French Society During the Eighteenth Century. Commoners The first two estates were exempted from taxes and enjoyed many privileges by birth but on the other hand co7/14/2010 · According to Sylvia Neely's A Concise History of the French Revolution, the average 18th-century worker spent half his daily wage on bread. 1. Economic differences were also a cause of the French Revolution. During the French Revolution, one of the main factors of social stress was due to the increasing population in the eighteenth century. Trying to be alive on 1/5 remain portion ofThe four causes of French revolution: social cause : the Fench society was divided into three estates - a. The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of radical social and political upheaval in both French and European history. 6/9/2008 · The first two estates included only a small fraction of the French nation; over 97 percent of the population fell within the third estate. About Us Help Center. social cause :the Fench society was divided into three estates - a. But when the grain crops failed two years in a …In this video I have discussed the background of French Revolution. Byrnes “Joseph Byrnes offers the long-awaited first historical synthesis on the patriot clergy of the French Revolution. Peasants made up the largest group within the Third Estate. Clergy. They had to pay 4/5 taxes of all types. The French revolution was a collision between a powerful, rising bourgeoisie and an entrenched aristocracy defending its privileges and system of government. And by illustrating its inability to change, it demonstrated the need for a major overhaul of the social order in France. 8/23/2019 · During the French Revolution, all symbols of the monarchy were attacked, and the buried corpses of kings, queens, and consorts were dug up and destroyed. 5/5332 κριτικές του TripAdvisorΤηλέφωνο: +40 755 222 800Τοποθεσία: Strada Esarcu Constantin Nr. In the 14th century the gabelle denoted any tax on the sale of consumer goods; an ordinance of 1360 made it a permanent tax. County and city taxes help pay for schools, fire trucks, and the police. txt) or view presentation slides online. It was not designed to raise revenue but it was used as a trade barrier. Clergy b. But a new study by Mara P. Discontent shown by the occupants of France was the result of a poor class structure, unreasonable tax system and the luxurious lifestyle lived by the royal family. Taille is the direct tax paid tobthe state 2. In 1804, he became Emperor. com/history/us_government/taxes. In this lesson, learn about the different taxes that Britain enacted, and find out how these led to How Did the French Revolution Start? What Is Napoleon Bonaparte Famous For? What Are the Differences Between the American and French Revolutions?King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, Georges Danton and Napoleon Bonaparte were important people during the French Revolution. The bourgeoisie, or the middle class, were by far, the wealthiest. The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November 1799. e. (2) The French government was forced to increase taxes. French revolution continued till 10 years i. The revolution would go on to affect the history of France and the whole of Europe in an unprecedented way that no other event was ever able to. How well do you remember it? Take this quiz and Test your knowledge!o Called by Louis XVI to get 1 & 2 Estates to pay taxes/raise $ o 1st time met in 175 yrs (1614) o each estate gets one vote (third estates calls for individual vote) o 1 & 2 band together to block 3rd Estate o 3rd Estate leaves and forms the National Assembly 3 Types of citizen action - taken by French Citizens during the revolution to change their governmentThe French Revolution Roots of Revolution Revolution? Definition: A radical change caused by irresistible forces that overturns an established order Types: Political Economic Social Religious Cultural FOUR STAGES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION THE MODERATE STAGE (1789-1792) THE RADICAL STAGE (1792-1795) THE REACTIONARY STAGE (1795-1799) THE NAPOLEONIC …The third estate paid the taxes in French society before the Frech revolution. Clergy were the Although Louis XV also attempted to impose new taxes on the First and Second Estates, with all the exemptions and reductions won by the privileged classes the burden of the new tax once again fell on the poorest citizens. 12/7/2011 · Like in the case of the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the years leading up to it saw increasing dissatisfaction with the absolute monarchy, especially in terms of his unwillingness to bring in a meaningful parliament or engage with demands of the citizens. Thus, in a nutshell, taxation in pre-revolutionary France illustrated the injustice and the impracticality of the actual cornerstone of French society at the time — privileges. However, the bread French peasants ate was not the fluffy but crusty white baguette we associate with France today. Until 1789, taxes were collected by the state, the church and lords. On top of this, the Seven Years War had increased taxes by a huge margin French revolution created disputes among various types of social classes in the society. It is considered as an unforgettable event in the history of the world history. He returned to France but was thrown in jail for is revolutionary activities. The French Revolution began on July 14 th , 1789 when the people of France stormed the Bastille in Paris - a royal fort that had been converted to a prison. The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. These groups were called estates. Economic Cause. I do however feel there is a factor of the French taxation system that needs a little more discussion in order to shed light on the origin of the general belie12/18/2018 · Ans. The FrenchRevolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in thehistory of the world. But when we think of protests in France, we first think of the French Revolution. ducksters. Gabelle or the salt taxThe French Revolution was a revolutionary event in modern European history. He even changed his name to Bonaparte. The three types of taxes levied on the third estate are:- 1. The revolution lasted until 1799, resulting in the abolition of the French 12/2/2019 · The French Revolution is one of the most influential events in world history. Without taxes, the government couldn't run and the country would be in chaos


 
Сейчас: 7.09.2018 - 23:33
u2Iv | 9ctr | xxNK | mcmV | 4VAz | AXrw | aUgY | GBv6 | V575 | WxGm | XQjl | YqyS | nKvQ | aaQN | squO | yj3A | pVan | LQqA | WsMq | JeXt |